Missing: negative weakened
The main reason that the government of the United States wanted to avoid a large-scale railroad strike from recurring after the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, was
The result of the corporate and government repression was a complete defeat for the Knights of Labor on both the eight-hour day and the railroad strike.
The decade of the 1930s marks the most severe depression in our history and ushered in sweeping changes in the role of government. Economists and historians ...
The interwar period in the United States, and in the rest of the world, is a most interesting era. The decade of the 1930s marks the most severe depression in our history and ushered in sweeping changes in the role of government. Economists and historians have rightly given much attention to that decade. However, with all of this concern about the growing and developing role of government in economic activity in the 1930s, the decade of the 1920s often tends to get overlooked. This is unfortunate because the 1920s are a period of vigorous, vital economic growth. It marks the first truly modern decade and dramatic economic developments are found in those years. There is a rapid adoption of the automobile to the detriment of passenger rail travel. Though suburbs had been growing since the late nineteenth century their growth had been tied to rail or trolley access and this was limited to the largest cities. The flexibility of car access changed this and the growth of suburbs began to accelerate. The demands of trucks and cars led to a rapid growth in the construction of all-weather surfaced roads to facilitate their movement. The rapidly expanding electric utility networks led to new consumer appliances and new types of lighting and heating for homes and businesses. The introduction of the radio, radio stations, and commercial radio networks began to break up rural isolation, as did the expansion of local and long-distance telephone communications. Recreational activities such as traveling, going to movies, and professional sports became major businesses. The period saw major innovations in business organization and manufacturing technology. The Federal Reserve System first tested its powers and the United States moved to a dominant position in international trade and global business. These things make the 1920s a period of considerable importance independent of what happened in the 1930s.
While state and local governments borrowed millions of dollars to help finance railroad construction, the largest subsidies came from the federal government, ...
Nov 18, 2020 · Labor law's support for workers' ability to pursue union organizing and collective bargaining has declined over many decades, and efforts to ...
Larry Mishel, Economic Policy Institute, Lynn Rhinehart, Economic Policy Institute, and Lane Windham, Georgetown University A full appreciation of the need for comprehensive labor law reform requires an understanding of the serious shortcomings in current law and how they have been exploited over the years by employers resisting efforts by their workers to form unions. [togglable text="expand abstract"] The go-to argument among the punditry and economists is that the decline is a simple manifestation of globalization and automation, essentially using the decline of manufacturing employment as the primary narrative for union decline. In fact, automation and globalization affecting manufacturing can only explain a small share of the decline in union density. It is simple to note that union decline occurred in every sector within the private sector. The demand by workers for collective bargaining has mostly gone unmet, meaning the decline was not due to an erosion of interest by workers. The demand for collective bargaining is now at its highest level in many decades. Nor was union discrimination against women or minorities a factor, though such discrimination certainly existed in certain sectors. Nevertheless, there was an upsurge in interest in collective bargaining by black workers following the civil rights struggles and progress of the 1960s. By 1979, 34% of black workers benefited from collective bargaining, substantially greater than the 25% of white workers. Women were underrepresented in unions in 1979, but there were substantial efforts by women in retail and other services to organize in the 1970s that failed primarily because of employer opposition. The narrative that needs to be told is the emergence of intense employer opposition and the development of new employer tactics abetted by changes in legal interpretations. The paper reviews the shifting landscape that led to the substantial decline in successful union organizing, which included: widespread use of anti-union consultants; threats of facility closings; the rise of illegal firings of union activists; the increasing inability to obtain a first contract even after a successful organizing campaign; the use of captive-audience meetings and screening of new hires to avoid union sympathizers; the empowering of "employer free speech"; and other developments. Other developments weakened union leverage in collective bargaining, such as: increased use of striker replacements; shutting down of union secondary boycott activity; increased use of offensive lockouts by employers; and artificial constraints on bargaining topics. [/togglable]
Missing: weakened authority
... railroad workers walked off the job. 4. For their role in the strike, many railroad workers were fired and blacklisted: railroad companies circulated their.
Their inability to limit the labor supply meant that their economic condition was not nearly as secure as that of workers in the printing, construction, and ...
Preferred Citation: Hirsch, Eric L. Urban Revolt: Ethnic Politics in the Nineteenth-Century Chicago Labor Movement. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990 1990. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft40000586/
Undoubtedly, this relationship to transportation networks also had a formative impact on their political involvement and their relationship to the revolution. I ...
Since 1922, the Capper-Volstead Act has provided a limited antitrust exemption for agricultural marketing associations. Producers, through qualifying ...
What was the main reason that the US government wanted to avoid large scale railroad strikes after the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? ›
What is the main reason that the US government wanted to avoid large-scale railroad strikes after the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? Railroad strikes had a negative effect on workers, and many lost their jobs. Railroad strikes weakened the power and authority of company managers.What was the main reason the United States government intervened the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? ›
What was the main reason the United States government intervened in the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? The government took action to end the strike in response to public demands in support of the railroad companies. The government sided with the labor unions and sent troops to protect railroad workers.What was the reason for the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and what was the result of it? ›
The origin of the Railroad Strike occurred in Martinsburg, West Virginia, at the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) station on July 16, 1877. It was caused by a 10 percent wage cut which resulted in the workers deciding no train leaves the station until the wage cut was eliminated.What was the effect of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? ›
What was the end result of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? The result of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was that labor unions were able to gain more power and federal support. In addition, working conditions were able to improve with changes enforced by labor unions.What did the people want out of the great railroad strike? ›
Labor activism and the railways are inextricably linked in US history. In 1877, railroad workers were fighting for labor justice too. Years of pay cuts, weak labor protections, and ruthless exploitation by their employers led them to walk off their jobs in a series of strikes across the country.What caused the decline of railroads? ›
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the rapid growth of truck and barge competition (aided by tens of billions of dollars in federal funding for construction of the interstate highway and inland waterway systems) and huge ongoing losses in passenger operations led to more railroad bankruptcies service abandonments and ...What was one of the main legacies of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? ›
The strengthening of the police, state militia, and the United States Army to prepare for future conflicts became one of the most enduring legacies of the Great Strike. Within two weeks of the strike, Chicago authorities developed a plan to augment their police force and the Illinois militia.What are the effects of a railroad strike? ›
A prolonged rail strike could create all types of shortages, from gasoline to food to automobiles, and cause a spike in the prices of all types of consumer goods. It can screw up the commutes of tens of thousands of workers who take the train to work, slow the delivery of parts and force factories to shut down.What led to the Great railroad strike quizlet? ›
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 17, 1877, in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Workers for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike, because the company had reduced workers' wages twice over the previous year.Why was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 significant quizlet? ›
Why was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 significant? It brought the problem of industrial labor into Americans' consciousness.
Worker strikes occur in response to unfair or unsafe labor conditions, in order to address grievances and improve those conditions. While strikes are less common today than in the past, past worker actions have shaped today's workplace and labor laws.Which factor finally brought the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 to an end? ›
What finally brought the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 to an end? President Rutherford B. Hayes called out the army, which broke the strike and maintained peace along the lines.What is one reason the United States wanted the railroad? ›
In Lincoln's mind, the railroad was part of the Civil War effort. The new line would support communities and military outposts on the frontier. It would give settlers safe and dependable passage west. And most importantly, it would tie new states California and Oregon to the rest of the country.What were the main reasons that rail passenger transportation declined in the United States after 1920? ›
Railroads were affected deeply by the Great Depression in the United States, with some lines being abandoned during this time. A major increase in traffic during World War II brought a temporary reprieve, but after the war railroads faced intense competition from automobiles and aircraft and began a long decline.What was one major problem with the railroad lines in the southern states? ›
The railroads also lacked a standard gauge, so that trains of different companies ran on tracks anywhere from four feet to six feet wide. Anything that needed to be transferred from one railroad to another had to be hauled across town and loaded onto new freight cars.